Viking Women & Authority In The Icelandic Outlaw Sagas Of Gisli And Grettir

For centuries, this seafaring nation’s women stayed at residence as their husbands traversed the oceans. Without men at house, women played the roles of farmer, hunter, architect, builder.

The topic fit so nicely into the theme of my podcast that I decided to do a special episode about women’s historical past in Iceland. You can hearken to the episode on the player below or on Apple Podcasts, RadioPublic, Stitcher, and wherever else you get your podcasts. When I agreed to put in writing about women’s history in Iceland for this blog, I’ll admit I didn’t actually know an excessive amount of about the topic. I did my grasp’s in medieval Icelandic historical past and literature, and it’s in all probability not a big shock to anybody that ladies are largely footnotes and supporting characters in medieval historical past. But I did know where to go to get the information I needed.

Thirty-eight years after that, in 2012, Iceland’s first feminine bishop was inaugurated. While equal pay audits should be encouraged, he added, it must be left to companies to determine whether or not to institute such measures. In 2016, women accounted for forty eight % of the elected representatives in Iceland’s Parliament — although that proportion declined to 38 % within the subsequent election. Men are supplied parental leave equal to women, and women have risen via the ranks of government. Icelandic law since 2013 requires personal companies with greater than 50 workers to have at least 40 p.c women — or men — on their govt board. This is why groups just like the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience are so necessary. If you are interested in additional women’s history collaboration on a world scale, start with the International Federation for Public History and the International Federation for Research in Women’s History.

How A Texas Brewer Began A Global Motion For Racial Justice

This piece of social engineering has had a profound impression on men in addition to women. Not only do women return to work after giving birth faster than before, they return to their pre-childbirth working hours sooner, too. Research reveals that, after taking the three months’ leave, fathers continue to be significantly extra involved in childcare and do extra housework. Sharing the parental responsibilities and chores from the beginning, it seems, makes a distinction.

Arna Ýr Jónsdóttir is an Icelandic mannequin, magnificence pageant titleholder, and pole vaulter. She was topped Miss Iceland in 2015 and represented her nation at Miss World 2015. Last yr, she made worldwide headlines after withdrawing from Miss Grand International 2016 as a result of she was requested to shed pounds. To this request, Arna replied, “If the proprietor of the contest actually desires me to lose weight and doesn’t like me the way in which I am, then he doesn’t need to have me.” Arna is now considered an emblem of female power and body acceptance. Her response also prompted a greater social media backlash in opposition to harassment, and as soon as the mud settled, Arna was even hired by Nike as a model consultant. Sigríður Tómasdóttir is taken into account Iceland’s first environmental campaigner and instilled a deeply-rooted sense of appreciation for the setting in the individuals of Iceland via her work. She grew up on a farm within the south of Iceland with an enormous waterfall just exterior her doorstep .

This book is a glimpse into the lives of vibrant women who’ve braved the sea for hundreds of years. Their accounts embrace the thrill, accidents, trials, and tribulations of fishing in Iceland from the historic instances of small open rowboats to right now’s high-tech fisheries. Based on intensive historic and field research, Seawomen of Iceland permits the seawomen’s voices to speak directly with power, intelligence, and – above all – a information of tips on how to survive. Elin Eggertsdottir is an arts and leisure government and Icelander living within the United States. She identified how the brand new law shifts the focus of implementing equal pay away from the employee and in direction of the employer. Ólafsdóttir is the Senior Human Resources Manager for CCP Games, an interactive entertainment firm that makes virtual actuality video games. When she began at CCP in 2013, the corporate did not have a written equal pay policy.

Gendered Narratives In Historical Accounts

And when it comes to amassing, researching, and sharing queer women’s history in Iceland, the work has just begun. What analysis has been accomplished on queer historical past in Iceland has focused mainly on men, and so the Hinsegin Hulkonur project is making an attempt to gather queer women’s history to offer researchers, academics, and students excited about doing this work somewhere to start.

At the flip of the nineteenth century, Sigríður’s father was approached by overseas buyers who wanted to dam the waterfall for hydroelectric production. Though Sigríður’s father turned down the supply, financers still threatened to “hire” the waterfall and do what they wished with it.

Why Thousands Of Girls In Iceland Left Work Two Hours Early This Week

What if a certain working demographic had disappeared from reminiscence? Willson is repeatedly told that girls don’t work at sea—except that archives and actual lives attest that ladies truly do. Seawomen of Iceland is about tough work and harder climate, about fishing via changing socioeconomic currents, and about the subtle—and not-so-subtle—roles gender plays in working lives.

There is also evidence that girls could make a living in commerce within the Viking Age. Merchants’ scales and weights found in female graves in Scandinavia counsel an association between women and commerce. In 2003 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was elected as the primary feminine Prime Minister of Iceland as well as the world’s first brazenly lesbian head of presidency. She held that place for sixteen years and used her management to aim to ban strip clubs “explaining it as a essential measure to result in justice, which is impossible, as she concluded, when women are treated like commodities”.

Before this Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was already a really lively member of presidency. In 1978 she was elected into the Althing as a member of the Social Democratic Party. She turned minister of social affairs in 1987, a position she held till 1994. She started her own get together in 1994 referred to as National Movement, which joined with the Social Democratic Party, Women’s Alliance and the People’s Alliance in 1999, and in 2000 merged to become the Social Democratic Alliance.

They managed family finances and had been crucial to the country’s capacity to prosper. In a rustic of only 330,000 folks, there are 19 such major and nursery schools, empowering girls from an early age. Both farming and buying and selling had been household businesses, and women were typically left in cost when their husbands have been away or dead.

Ólafsdóttir determined to assist change that, and cleared the path for CCP Games to bear a voluntary audit. This was carried out in 2016, in partnership with considered one of Iceland’s largest unions. Norrman’s research uncovers the truth of the historical past of Icelandic women and the best way they had been portrayed in narratives written completely by men. Through this project, Norrman was capable of specific her curiosity for the unknown and her devotion to studying. Legislation prohibiting sexual harassment was introduced in Iceland in addition to other predominantly western countries at the time. Consequently, historically and still today, the struggle of women human rights defenders just isn’t about good or unhealthy men per se. Instead, it’s all about use and abuse of energy and authority, particularly converting a system where a tradition of impunity prevails over a tradition of accountability for violence in opposition to women .

During these many years, women started to take power to outline and redefine the world we stay in and even invent new “truths” from the place they had been standing. Feminism started to infiltrate theology with God known as She by the first woman ever to be inaugurated as a priest in Iceland in 1974, or 974 years after Iceland turned Christian and 60 years after it turned legal for girls to function priests.

Sigríður fought for the waterfall, urging the financers and businessmen to not intrude with nature, even threatening to throw herself into the waterfall if they did not leave it alone. Fortunately, Sigríður’s message was heard, the contract was annulled, and Gullfoss turned property of the folks of Iceland. Later, in 1979, the waterfall grew to become a national park, and earlier than Sigríður died, a new regulation was developed that forbade overseas nationals from buying state-owned waterfalls. Sigríður’s battle for Gullfoss has impressed modifications in laws to guard Iceland’s lovely environment. Thanks to obligatory quotas, virtually half of board members of listed firms are now women, while sixty five% of Iceland’s college college students and forty one% of MPs are female. Because the pay is critical – 80% of salary as much as a ceiling of £2,300 a month – and since it’s on a use-it-or-lose-it foundation, 90% of Icelandic fathers take up their paternal depart.